Coronavirus is a novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) – a member of the coronaviruses family that has never been encountered before, found in China (Huanan seafood wholesale market in the centre of the Chinese Wuhan city). Like other coronaviruses, it has come from animals.
Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans.
Is the 2019-nCoV virus being transmitted from one person to another?
Human to human transmission has been confirmed by China’s national health commission.
Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are transmitted between animals and people. Detailed investigations found that SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans. Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.
What are the symptoms caused by the Wuhan coronavirus 2019-nCoV?
Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death.
Prevention coronavirus 2019-nCoV
Standard recommendations to prevent infection spread include regular hand washing, covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, thoroughly cooking meat and eggs. Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing.